Wednesday, December 10, 2014

About Ukaz 362

super important historical text: -which badly needs to be put into humanly translated good English!- And, machine English, (with Fr. Victor video)- Met. Agafangel Explains the Practical Application of Ukaz 362, dated 7/20, Nov. 1920


Russian original article, found on: <http://internetsobor.org:
 http://internetsobor.org/arkhiv-rptcz/istoriia/rptcz/arkhiv-rptcz/mitropolit-agafangel-vopros-o-prakticheskom-primenenii-postanovleniia-ot-7-20-noiabria-1920-goda-za-362


Metropolitan Agafangel: The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362.





The practical application of Regulation
His Holiness the Patriarch, the Holy Synod
and the Supreme Church Council of the Russian Orthodox Church
from 7/20 in November 1920 for the number 362.


In view of the difficult situation that has arisen due to the Bolsheviks came to power - first of all, the Civil War, with its ever-changing boundaries of general chaos and the absence of any means of communication was with those who happened to be behind the front line, higher instance of ecclesiastical authority in Russia - Patriarch Tikhon in the United presence of the Holy Synod and the Supreme Church Council of the Russian Orthodox Church 7/20 November 1920 Resolution of the governing church life in the territories to which the connection was lost Supreme Ecclesiastical Authority. This Regulation (it is often called the Decree №362), has had a tremendous impact on the lives of the Russian Church, as established canonical norms of life dioceses and parishes in totalitarian persecution godless forces.

Even before the publication of the Decree №362,  in November 1918, the Provisional Supreme Ecclesiastical Authority was established by the Meeting of the Siberian church in Tomsk, united, led by the Archbishop of Omsk Sylvester 13 bishops of the dioceses of the Urals and Siberia in the territory under the rule of Admiral Kolchak. The South-Russian Church Council, held from 18 to 24 May 1919 in Stavropol (within the territory of the Volunteer Army of General Denikin), which was attended, led by the oldest in southern Russia Stavropol Archbishop Agafadorom, all the bishops, as well as 4 members from each of the Diocesan Council was established Church Administration in the South of Russia, chaired by the Archbishop of Novocherkassk Mitrofan, Archbishop Demetrios composed of two presbyters and two laymen. Both the Office arose solely because of lack of communication with the Patriarch Tikhon and the Patriarchal Church Administration in Moscow. When communication is restored, this Office would have to resign. Upon arrival, the Metropolitan of Kiev Anthony in November 1919 from Kiev to the Volunteer Army, he, as the old hierarchy, in fact, became the head of the Church Administration in the South of Russia. (1)

November 19, 1920 under the command of General PN Wrangel to Constantinople profits and focused on the Bosphorus over 125 Russian and foreign ships fleets, overcrowded Russian people, including about 150,000 people. (2) On the same day on the ship "Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich" held its first overseas meeting of the Supreme Church Administration in the South Russia, which ruled: "In view of the concentration of huge numbers of refugees in different countries and parts of the world, without communicating with Soviet Russia and are not able to communicate with the highest church authority to the Holy Patriarch, and also because of the need to care for the Russian army to leave the Crimea, - a) to continue the mandate of the members of the Supreme Church Administration servicing all aspects of church life of refugees and army in all the states that do not have relations with the Patriarch, and b) a place of management actions to elect Constantinople as the most central point, and c) to communicate with the Patriarchate of Constantinople to determine the canonical relationship; <...> (3) has also been renamed Higher Church Administration in the South of Russia in the Russian Higher Church Administration abroad. (4) Thus, the Russian Ecclesiastical Authority for the first time surpassed the canonical boundaries of the Local Russian Church. It is known that such a step Archbishop Anthony decided, after much hesitation, and hesitation. Initially he intended to retire to Mount Athos, and all Russian Orthodox, was out of the canonical territory of the Russian Church, to join the existing local churches. However, under the influence of the existing situation - the urgent need to preserve a single flock, seeking to return home (including survivability Russian army), Metropolitan Anthony became firmly on the path to save the exiled Russian Church. December 22, 1920 for the Diploma №9084 followed by the Ecumenical Patriarchate, in which "the Russian hierarchs was granted to carry Russian Orthodox refugees all that is required by the Church and religion for solace and encouragement Russian Orthodox refugees." (5)  They were allowed to "form for pastoral ministry temporary church commission ( epitropiyu ) prednachalstvennym under control of the Ecumenical Patriarchate for the general supervision and guidance of the church life of the Russian Church colonies within Orthodox countries, as well as Russian soldiers <...> ". (6) It was, in fact, the formation of Russian Church Centre abroad under the omophorion of the Patriarchate of Constantinople. December 29, 1920 locum tenens of the Ecumenical Throne, Metropolitan Prussian Dorofei Metropolitan Anthony wrote: "Under your leadership, the Patriarchate allows any undertaking for the Patriarchate know that your Eminence has done nothing non-canonical". (7) In early 1921, the Supreme Ecclesiastical Authority abroad, united around Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia Anthony moved to Serbia at the invitation of the Serbian Patriarch Demetrios. This move prompted primarily dire financial situation of Russian in Turkey. December 6, 1927 of the Serbian Church, referring to the 39 regulation VI Ecumenical Council, stated: "According to the canons of the Holy Orthodox Church, when the Orthodox hierarchy with his flock as a result of persecution in the refugee enters the territory of another church, she has the right to self-organization and management. As a result that such a right must be recognized and for the Russian church hierarchy in the territory of the Serbian Church ". (8) It was, in fact, a sort of autocephaly granted ROCA Serbian Church. Thus, the Russian Ecclesiastical Authority for the first time received full independence and autonomy of the canonical territory of a local church.

Patriarch Tikhon recognized Higher Church Administration abroad, as evidenced, for example, in the holy Patriarch, the Holy Synod and the Supreme Church Council №424 dated April 8, 1921, confirming the appointment by the Office of the Exarch for Western Europe due to lack of communication with Metropolitan Benjamin of Petrograd ( The decree was listed rationale decisions: "In view of the decision HCA held abroad"). (9) It is known in the holy Patriarch, the Holy Synod and the Supreme Church Council №193 dated October 13, 1921, according to which the HCA abroad does not bless distribute its activities in Poland , Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, but leaves "is the same with his management authority" (ie, continue to operate in Western Europe, America, China and other countries, unless noted); was denied a petition for the establishment of the HCA office "His Holiness for the governor-border"; and decided "reports of alleged convene on October 1 st. v. Council of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad to take note" (10) (which, actually, is a blessing to hold I-Diaspora Council).

According to AS Gershelman, who oversaw the bond Foreign Synod Patriarch Tikhon through Vyborg-Petrozavodsk Valaam Monastery and for all calls for the need "from Moscow was one answer: Decree of November 1920 (Decree №362 - approx. + MA.) Patriarch gave the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of the opportunity to organize themselves, and because of the difficulty of relations with Moscow and its complex of Russia (ROCOR) relations with the Soviet authorities, to live independently. "(11) Thus, the legality of the Decree №362 of the Russian Orthodox Church was clearly and definitely confirmed Higher Church Authority, headed by Patriarch Tikhon. All the recent statements of Patriarch Tikhon (in which, however, nowhere does it say that it does not recognize the canonicity of foreign bishops and prohibits them from serving) bezpretsedentnym dictated by pressure from the Soviet authorities, who coveted his statements (under threat of execution, the method of arrest and interrogation) directed against the Pope, the Archbishop of Canterbury and, most importantly, Metropolitan Anthony, calls on the international community to speak out against the established political regime in Russia. Privately, Patriarch Tikhon urged foreign bishops to ignore the Soviet authorities forced his statements and to live their lives.

***
Here, I think it would be appropriate to quote the remarks of Bishop Nathanael relatively Decree №362.  In his ther, who were abroad, Russian bishops on organize a higher level of church authority <...> Even if we were in the territory of a local church, could not have any questions about our transition to the jurisdiction of the Local Church. Could be a question: Is it possible to have it or not such a Local Church authorities Church perform services on their territory. "(12) Similarly, the ROCOR lived, until recently, in the territory of the Patriarchate of Jerusalem. Indeed, Decree №362 if not directly, then indirectly prohibited the use of canons prescribing refugees pour into the local Churches, in which they find themselves. Instead of them, save justification jurisdictional belonging to the Russian Church as it was meant rule 39 of the Sixth Ecumenical Council. According to this rule, Cypriot Bishop John Hellespontine in the field were given the right to continue managing their church people, who left as a result of military events Cyprus. Here, as one might expect, to a certain extent affected has become, unfortunately, a traditional opposition of Constantinople and the Moscow Patriarchate. Constantinople gave the Tomos of autocephaly parts of the Russian Church in Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Finland, despite the protests of the Russian hierarchy. Moscow, in turn, actually banned its refugees pour into the other Local Churches. According to statistics, in 1920 the Patriarchate of Constantinople had a flock, hardly exceeds 30 thousand people, while its territory arrived more than 100 thousand Russian Orthodox refugees. (13) Thus, when Patriarch Tikhon ROCOR was the only authoritative canon of senior management Russian Orthodox Church outside of the fatherland established legitimate ecclesiastical authority in Moscow and in all countries of its presence. That the Office had to obey all Russian dioceses and parishes abroad. Even raised the question of granting the status of Primate of ROCOR plenipotentiary representative of the Patriarch (the assignment of the title "Patriarch of Moscow governor abroad"). Therefore, the ROCOR Synod imposed legal rebuke to those who depart from the Office (eg, Metropolitan Eulogius and Plato), as causing a split in the Russian Church. After 1927, when the Office of Metropolitan Sergius was completely controlled by atheists, the Soviet authorities through this management tried to neutralize the Church Abroad at the international level, contrasting it with its controlled entity appointed by the communist authorities of the management and is now called the Moscow Patriarchate.

***
Eligibility Decree №362 application to the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia is not in doubt (in fact, this Decision and published specifically for the organization of church life abroad). Around the Office united all Russian bishops, all parts of the Russian Church outside the borders of the Russian state. Russian Church Abroad recognized by all the local church. Manage abroad consider it their supreme Kirierarhom Patriarch Tikhon of Moscow, (14) after his death - Metropolitan Peter, and after the death of Metropolitan Peter established the commemoration of the "Orthodox bishopric persecuted Russian Church" that, by itself, is also a necessary condition for staying on the basis of the Decree №362 (as evidence of the highest ecclesiastical court). In paragraph 1 of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia clearly stated: "The Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia is an inseparable part of the local Russian Orthodox Church, temporarily self-governing cathedral until the fall of the godless regime in Russia, in accordance with Regulation ST. Patriarch St. Synod and the Supreme Church Council of the Russian Church from 7/20 in November 1920 for the number 362 ". (15) It should be noted that Decree №362 in no way provides for the establishment of the Supreme Church Authority in the local church, and sends to solve those issues only at the Local Council: "10) All taken on the ground, in accordance with these instructions events later in the case of restoration of the central ecclesiastical authority, must be conceived for the approval of the latter." That is, to stay in the Decree №362, ROCA should recognize (and has always recognized), even hypothetically, the presence for themselves higher level of church authorities in the Russian Church, which it is accountable. In the ROCOR never raised the issue of declaring itself the highest authority of ecclesiastical authority for the whole local church. Even to such action and called in his letter to the First Hierarch of ROCOR Metropolitan Vitaly Archpriest Lev Lebedev. Metropolitan Vitaly called the proposal absurd.

Many see a contradiction between the Council of Bishops adopted  the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of 2/15 May 1990 Regulations on the parishes of the Free Russian Orthodox Church (16) according to which began to open ROCOR parishes in the territory of the USSR and Paragraph 1 of the ROCOR in 1964: " The Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia is an inseparable part of the local Russian Orthodox Church,  temporarily self-governing cathedral until the fall of the godless regime in Russia  (emphasis mine, + MA).  However, there is no contradiction, because the very adoption of Resolution 1990 indicates that the Soviet Union at that time there was no Church Administration, which ROCOR could start "in intercourse for the organization of higher instance of ecclesiastical authority ", as prescribed by Decree №362. In fact, the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia in 1990, entered the territory of the Soviet Union as the sole legitimate Control of the Russian Orthodox Church. So then thought of the parishes almost everything. Of course, this can be interpreted as recognition of de facto only a fullness of canonical authority throughout the Russian Church. However, again, going back to the Resolution №362, restore full authority per se only Russian Local Council. Whatever it was, the adoption of the Council of Bishops  of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of 2/15 May 1990 Regulations on the parishes of the Free Russian Orthodox Church, Church Administration in the South of Russia, which arose in May 1919, gone abroad and became the Russian Church Abroad, again returned to the canonical territory of the Russian Church. But did not catch here as legal (canonical) headed by the Local Russian Church, and any other ecclesiastical center belonging to this church, which could enter into communion.

I purposely brought here (very briefly, unfortunately), the historical part of gaining self-organization and management of the Russian Orthodox Church on the basis of Resolution №362 (as well as on the basis of the decision of the Serbian Church from 6 December 1927 to grant independence ROCA outside the canonical territory of the Russian Church), to show how serious such a move and how many factors determine its practicability. And in order to compare with the ease with which many treat this Decree today.

***
During the revolutionary events in Russia during Renovationist turmoil and arrest of Patriarch Tikhon, his Deputy Metropolitan Agafangel his message for №214 from 05 (18) .06.1922 year called the All-Russian flock guided by Decree 362 words: "Beloved in the Lord archpastors! Deprived at the time the highest rukovoditelstva you now manage their own dioceses, in accordance with the Scriptures, and the usual canons of the Church canon law, conscience and episcopal oath, pending recovery Supreme Ecclesiastical Authority. Finally, to administer affairs, which claims before St. resolution. Synod, and in cases of doubt, please contact our humility. "(17) This regulation Metropolitan Agafangel still true of the All-Russian flock, staying abroad - it points directly" manage their own dioceses "without the approval of the Moscow Synod. That is, this message implicitly repudiated the acts previously issued a decree dated 22 April / May 5, 1922 for the dissolution of the HCA abroad. On the territory of the USSR on the basis of this Decree and acted all Josephite catacomb dioceses and parishes. Unfortunately, until the end of the 1980s have not saved any ecclesiastical center of the Catacomb Church, acting on the basis of the Decree №362, that, in fact, prompted the Council of Bishops of the ROCOR to the decision on the opening of their parishes in the territory of historical Russia.

***
However, if in times of persecution and the existence of the USSR and the free world "Iron Curtain" practical application of the Decree №362 was clear, then today its application raises many questions, as this decree continue to justify their isolation many members of the "alternative" Orthodoxy. Usually they interpret it as "Decree on self-government of dioceses", while correct, nevertheless, would be to define it as an indication of the bishops for their practical actions in the event of physical isolation of a particular church group (including the Central Church of the control). The basic meaning of this Regulation is contained in the second paragraph of his:  "If the diocese, as a result of the movement of the front, changes of state borders, etc. will be out of communication with the Higher Church Administration itself or Higher Church Administration, headed by His Holiness Patriarch cease operations , the diocesan bishop immediately enters into relations with the bishops of neighboring dioceses for the purpose of organizing a higher instance of ecclesiastical authority for several dioceses in similar conditions (in the form of a temporary church government or a Metropolitan district, or anything else). "(18)

As follows from the text of the Decree, it is applicable only in the case of a complete lack of communication with the Central Office (in  the case of  "separation of the diocese with the highest church authority or termination of the last"),  and only if prescribed by  " the diocesan bishop immediately enter into relations with the bishops of neighboring dioceses for the organization of higher instance of ecclesiastical authority. "  It is clear that the restoration of central authority, "the diocesan bishop immediately enters into relations" with that. There is absolutely no indication as to separate from the neighboring dioceses, and from the central ecclesiastical authority. That is, it can not be justified by the Decree no separation as such (which, unfortunately, is often done), on the contrary, it is intended to preserve the church dispensation in times of persecution so that when the time to stop, the Church could be as painless as possible to restore its complete structure.

Currently Decree №362 justify its existence, for example, separated from the ROCA Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church (ROAC). According to its Primate Metropolitan Valentine: "The canonical status of the Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church is based, as we all know, in the Decree of St. Tikhon, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia the Confessor, the Holy Synod and the Supreme Church Council, that is, the highest ecclesiastical authority in the Russian Local Church 7 / November 20, 1920, № 362 ". (19) However, in 1994, when there was a division of the ROCOR and ROAC, there were no reasons for the autonomous existence of ROAC, because the relationship between the Synod of Bishops and the lord Valentin took place. Therefore, in this case, a reference to the Decree №362 totally unqualified. Education thus the Supreme Ecclesiastical Authority equivalent of a separate national church (since there is practically not provide any higher authority ecclesiastical authority), and, without good reason. In this case (as in all others) the reason for separation from the ROCOR could serve only heresy, condemned earlier Ecumenical Councils and preached from the pulpit by all members of the Synod of Bishops. But this, thank God, was not.

Also Russian True Orthodox Church (RTOC), separated from the ROCA, adopted the following resolution: "On the basis of the Decree svt. Patriarch Tikhon, the Holy Synod and the Supreme Church Council of the number 362 on 7/20 November 1920, of the offer of the rules concerning  the organization the highest ecclesiastical authority  in the event of  breach  or termination of the Primate and the highest ecclesiastical authorities, <...> Decide: 1) convert the now existing Russian Bishops Conference, founded on the Council of Bishops in 1994, the Synod of Bishops of the Russian True Orthodox Church. "( 20) Here, firstly, on my own to figure out what in the Decree №362 talking "about the organization of the Supreme Church Authority", whereas in reality Decree speaks of a " higher instance of ecclesiastical authority for several dioceses " that there is a big difference. Second, deliberately away from you by adding the words "in the case of  violations "(which are not in the Decree №362), designed to ensure that, distorting the essence of the Decree, to attribute the right to secede in the event of any  violations  on the part of the central ecclesiastical authority. But Decree №362 just such a right is not intended. Unfortunately, RTOC not only does not provide for themselves the presence of a higher instance of ecclesiastical authority (in accordance with the Decree №362), but, as we see, in fact, declared itself the highest authority of ecclesiastical authority in Russia. In the Encyclical Letter of September 29, 2008 Synod of Bishops of the Russian True Orthodox Church said: " I can say without exaggeration, <Sacred Council of our Holy Russian True Orthodox Church>, is a historic event because since the Local Council of 1917-18. it First Sacred Council of the True Russian Church in the homeland. "(21) That is, RTOC regards itself as the successor to Patriarch Tikhon Church Administration (ie, the Mother Church) and the ROCOR as part of the Russian Church (its" sister "). Which is also contrary to the spirit and meaning of the Resolution №362. Such a question can only be described as an accomplished illegal admiration of ecclesiastical authority, even in relation to declared his Kirierarhu Metropolitan Vitaly.

Once again I say, that in this report, I consider the various divisions in the Russian Church solely in the light of the Decree №362, which, in my opinion, by far the laws apply only to the formation of the Russian Church Abroad.

Similarly, its separate existence committed not entitled to cause the Decree №362 many other groups of Orthodox and non-Orthodox people. The main aim of this short report - to encourage them to think about bringing their situation into line canonical norms. I repeat - one of the conditions of stay in the Decree №362 is the recognition of the existence for themselves higher level of church authorities. This follows directly from section 10 of the Regulation ("All adopted <...> according to these instructions event later <...> should be conceived for the approval of" the highest ecclesiastical authority). The second condition -  the immediate  establishment of communion with other Orthodox bishops. Those who did not perform and does not perform these two conditions Decree №362, actually declare themselves the only Orthodox throughout the world space.

It should be clear to all of us to realize that separating these days can justify their actions, only the second Part XV of the Second Council Regulations (if a bishop or primate of the Church preaches from the pulpit  of St previously convicted. Councils  heresy), but not the Resolution number 362, in which there is no word on the separation of the existing ecclesiastical authority.

No autonomous, and the more independent instance of ecclesiastical authority may not be self-educated, but must necessarily be formed legally existing higher authority - which in relation to it is the parent. This law, which we all have to be considered if we want to be Orthodox Christians. It is impossible to take seriously religious groups, with ease, the composition of a few people, allegedly on the basis of the Decree №362, samoprovozglashayuschimi themselves one way or another "Church." Any unauthorized proclamation breaks the thread of continuity that connects with the Church founded by Christ and is one of the characteristic properties of the sect. The Church can not disappear, "break" in one place and suddenly be in another (as is claimed by word and deed, many newly formed structures). Holy Tradition suggests  continuity  in its canonical and historical part - if separated from the ROCA Group recognizes canonical Church Abroad, it must be recognized by it. But on the other hand, part of the Russian Church Abroad has not in any way the right of education of other church groups, as well as the right to trial by other parts of the Russian Orthodox Church. We can only bear witness to the reasons why we can not be in communion with others. At the same time, we recognize over a court only legally convened by the All-Russian Local Council, as the highest instance of ecclesiastical authority.

Russian Church Abroad was and is flesh ("inseparable part") and one spirit with the fullness of the Russian national church and its Central Office headed by His Holiness Patriarch Tikhon. I believe that it has retained the flesh and the spirit of genuine patristic Orthodoxy to the present day. Formed on the basis of canonical higher instance of ecclesiastical authority - the Mother Church under the control of the All-Russian Patriarch Tikhon, the Russian Orthodox Church Outside there as a self-governing part of the Russian Church for 90 years, having an established its position in the apostasy of our time and its Holy Tradition, which is an integral part of the Holy Tradition of the Catholic Church.

If we wish to be guided (or rather, must be guided) Decree №362, you should be aware that this decree today prescribes only one thing - to unite all Orthodox people with the words: " the diocesan bishop immediately enters into relations with the bishops of neighboring dioceses. " Other understanding, interpretation and application of this Regulation in the absence of  forced  isolation, and there can not be. If the bishops do not, leaving in voluntary  isolation, it is clear that they are willing to church divisions, more often, in order to satisfy their ambitions than make a canonical crime, violating the spirit and letter of the Resolution of the Holy. Patriarch St. Synod and the Supreme Church Council of the Russian Church from 7/20 in November 1920 for the number 362.

Now, unfortunately, made only hear what he says is the Decree on the formation of the interim self-management of the Church (keeping in mind that only part of the Church, and under what circumstances). But the totalitarian persecution retreated, and now we must hear what he says about the connection Decree Christians. If we want to save in the Church of Christ, we should be able to refuse, especially from what could be called his "individual corporate truth" in order to hear not hear, unfortunately, for many, but all-powerful voice of church canons, which essentially and is the voice of God, calling all remaining faithful to Christ for unity. To unity under the omofor remaining canonical authority of church government of the Russian Church - Russian Orthodox Church Abroad.

I do not know whether we will live up to the Triumph of Russian Orthodoxy - Canon All-Russian Local Council, but if the Last Judgment accomplished before this event - so we will stand before the Lord with a clear conscience, the Orthodox faith, and stronger than our deeds during the glory of God!
+ Metropolitan Agafangel
Odessa, 2010.
NOTES
(1) Bishop Nikon (Rklitsky). Biography Anthony Beatitude, Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia. T4. The publication of the North American and Canadian Diocese, 1958, p. 293.
(2) Bishop Nikon (Rklitsky). Biography Anthony Beatitude, Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia. T5. The publication of the North American and Canadian Diocese, 1959, p. 5.
(3) Ibid, p. 6-7.
(4) The Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia. 1918-1968. T1. Edited by Gy. AA Sologub. Russian Ecclesiastical Mission in Jerusalem, Russian Orthodox Church Abroad. NY, 1968, p.25.
(5) Bishop Nikon (Rklitsky). Biography Anthony Beatitude, Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia. T5. The publication of the North American and Canadian Diocese, 1959 ,, p. 8.
(6) The Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia. Wikipedia. Electronic page.
(7) Orthodox Russian Church Abroad. Typography Abode prep. Job of Pochaev. Montreal,  CANADA , p.8.
(8) The Archbishop Nathaniel. Conversations about the Scriptures and the faith and the Church. T5. Edition of Russian Orthodox Youth Committee Abroad,  Astoria , New York, 1995, p. 32.
(9) Acts of the Holy Tikhon, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia. Compiled by ME Gubonin. St. Tikhon's Orthodox Theological Institute, Moscow, 1994, p.174.
(10) Investigation case of Patriarch Tikhon. Collection of documents. Based on materials from the Central Archive of the FSB. St. Tikhon's Orthodox Theological Institute. M., 2000, p. 695
(11) "Russian Zoar" (periodical Odessa Diocese of the ROCOR) №№1-3 (7-9), Odessa, 2010, p.16.
(12) Archbishop Nathaniel. Conversations about the Scriptures and the faith and the Church. T5. Edition of Russian Orthodox Youth Committee Abroad,  Astoria , New York, 1995, p. 45-46.
(13) Bishop Nikon (Rklitsky). Biography Anthony Beatitude, Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia. T5. The publication of the North American and Canadian Diocese, 1959 ,, p. 8.
(14) Saint John (Maksimovic) and the Russian Church Abroad. Typography prep. Job of Pochaev. Holy Trinity Monastery. Jordanville, NY, 1996, p. 24-25.
(16) Ibid.
(17) Acts of the Holy Tikhon, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia. Compiled by ME Gubonin. St. Tikhon's Orthodox Theological Institute, Moscow, 1994, p.220.
(18) Text with email. page Synod of Bishops http://ruschurchabroad.org/sinod/doc_1920_uk362.htm.
(19) Report of the Council of Bishops of the ROAC Metropolitan Valentine of Suzdal and Vladimir "The life of the Russian Orthodox Church and the activities of the Synod of Bishops from 1991 to 2008." E. Page RPATs http://www.rpac.ru/article/117/
(20) The meeting of Russian Bishops. Resolution of 22 June / July 5, 2003 http://catacomb.org.ua/modules.php?name=Pages&go=page&pid=137
(21) Encyclical Synod of Bishops of the Russian True Orthodox Church of 16/29 September 2008. http://catacomb.org.ua/modules.php?name=Pages&go=page&pid=1447
ANNEX



JUDGMENT
His Holiness the Patriarch, the Holy Synod and the Supreme Church Council
of the Russian Orthodox Church on 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362.

With the blessing of His Holiness the Patriarch, the Holy Synod and the Supreme Church Council in the United presence had a judgment about the need to further teaches in the circular letter of His Holiness Patriarch instructions in the event of termination of the activity of the Diocesan Council, the diocesan bishop to teach the same instructions in the event of separation of the diocese with the highest church authority or termination of the latter and, on the basis of the former judgment, decided:
Circular letter on behalf of His Holiness to teach the diocesan bishop for guidance in necessary cases, the following information:
1) If the Holy Synod and the Supreme Church Council for any reason stop their church administration, the diocesan bishop for rukovodstvennymi career guidance and resolution of cases, according to the rules, going back to the Supreme Ecclesiastical Authority, refers directly to His Holiness the Patriarch or to the person or institution which is His Holiness Patriarch for that specified.
2) In the event that a diocese, as a result of movement of the front, changes of state borders, and so on. N. Will be out of communication with the Higher Church Administration itself or Higher Church Administration, headed by His Holiness Patriarch cease operations, the diocesan bishop immediately enters into relations with the bishops neighboring dioceses for the organization of higher instance of ecclesiastical authority for several dioceses in similar conditions (in the form of a temporary church government or a Metropolitan district, or anything else).
3) Care about the organization of the Supreme Church Authority for the whole group found themselves in the position shown in Sec. 2 dioceses is an indispensable duty of the oldest in the group, after the order of the aforesaid Bishop.
4) If it is impossible to establish relations with the bishops of neighboring dioceses continue to organize a higher level of ecclesiastical authority, the diocesan bishop takes over the howl full power granted to him by church canons, taking all measures to the dispensation of local church life and, if it proves necessary, to the organization diocesan administration, applied to create the conditions allowing all the cases provided by the canons of the episcopal authority, with the assistance of the existing bodies of the diocesan administration of the Diocesan Assembly, the Council, and so on. or re-organized); in the case of impossibility to make these agencies - personally and under his responsibility.
5) If the situation referred to in paragraph. N. 2 and 4, the character will take longer and even permanent, especially if it is impossible for the bishop to use the assistance of the diocesan administration most appropriate (in terms of approval of church order) appears to measure the separation of the Diocese several local dioceses, for which the diocesan bishop:
a) provides its Most Reverend Vicar, enjoying now, according to the judgment, the rights of semi-independent, all rights diocesan bishop with the organization when they control, with respect to local conditions and possibilities;
b) establish, in the judgment of the conciliar with other bishops of the diocese, as far as possible, in all major cities of his diocese the bishop's new with the rights of semi-independent or independent.
6) separating said in Sec. 5 way Diocese of forms themselves, headed by the chief of the diocesan bishop of the city church district, which takes control of the local church affairs according to the canons.
7) If the position specified in Sec. N. 2 and 4, the diocese will be deprived of Bishop, the Diocesan Council or, in his absence, the clergy and lay people are turning to the diocesan bishop nearest or most accessible to them for convenience Posts diocese, and the aforesaid the bishop or the commander to control his widowed diocese vicar or he comes into its management, acting in the cases referred to in para. 5 and in respect of that diocese in accordance with paragraph. n. 5 and 6, and at the relevant data widowed diocese can be organized and special ecclesiastical district.
8) If for any reason an invitation from a widowed diocese is not followed, the diocesan bishop mentioned in para. 7 and on their own initiative assumes about her and her affairs care.
9) In the case of extreme disorganization of ecclesiastical life, when certain persons and parishes cease to recognize the authority of the diocesan bishop, the latter being in the position shown in Sec. N. 2 and 6, do not resign from their hierarchical authority, but organizing of persons remaining faithful to him, congregations and parishes of - deanery and diocese, providing where necessary to conduct services even in private homes and other devices to the premises and interrupted the ecclesiastical communion with the disobedient.
10) All taken on the ground, in accordance with these instructions events later in the case of restoration of the central ecclesiastical authority, must be conceived for the approval of the latter.

***
Holy Tikhon, Patriarch of Moscow and All RUSSIA
Russian Higher Church Administration Abroad
REPORT
Given the impossibility under these circumstances, consistent and correct relations with Your Holiness, on the one hand, and the need to make a strong organization and the mutual relationships of all foreign churches, dioceses and communities of the Moscow Patriarchate and obezpechit spiritual unity in the bosom of your archpastoral power of all these churches, firmly professing highest canonical jurisdiction of Your Holiness, on the other hand, and taking into account that the recognition of your Holiness the Supreme Russian Ecclesiastical Authority became aware only of the decree of the Patriarch Archbishop Seraphim, №424, means nothing has been said about the future canonical position of the Orthodox churches in the state of malignancy: Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, as well as in North America, Japan, China and Urmia, and yet the church of the new states are starting to deal with some issues in Russian Higher Church Administration abroad - and these things last Asking Your Holiness guidance on the following issues:
1. Would it not be appropriately recognized institution for all of the above churches as a unifying body of the senior management of the Russian Church Outside of the subordination of this body directly to Your Holiness.
2. Would it not be given your assent to the establishment of a post abroad Steward of Your Holiness, the Presidency of the top management of the Russian Church and is of particular Your Holiness for all foreign countries.
3. The blessing is requested to convene a meeting of the Russian Church Abroad, which is expected as far as possible on the Protection of the Blessed Virgin Mary on October 1 st. Art. this year.
Asking episcopal prayers and blessings, I have the honor to be Your Holiness, Most Merciful Father Archpastor
My humble novice,
Metropolitan Anthony.
July 1921 number 478
Karlovci (shit) Serbia.
(Investigation case of Patriarch Tikhon. The collection of documents. According to the materials of the Central Archive of the FSB of Russia. Orthodox St. Tikhon Theological Institute. Moscow, 2000, p. 691).
***
In St. 4/17 Synod of October.
Patriarch Tikhon
Your Holiness.
Suddenly appeared Riga deputy and I slipped the paper in your name for a signature. I am unable to write a letter, for he now rides. 4 times wrote to Your Holiness from the Caucasus, the Crimea and Constantinople - probably not reached. All the provisions of the attached document developed in Constantinople, when I was in Berlin. Do not think that we have a desire to expand the power: - I'm not going to claim, if it is not approved.
I ask for your holy blessing.
Your most humble novice Metropolitan Anthony.
11 / X-'21
(Investigation case of Patriarch Tikhon. The collection of documents. According to the materials of the Central Archive of the FSB of Russia. Orthodox St. Tikhon Theological Institute. Moscow, 2000, p. 694).
***
The Patriarch of the Holy Synod
and the Supreme Church Council
of the Russian Orthodox Church
Resolution of 30 September (13 October) 1921
№193
With the blessing of His Holiness the Patriarch, the Holy Synod and the Supreme Church Council, a compound is present, listening: a report of the Supreme Ecclesiastical Authority of the Russian-abroad, from July / g for №478, 1) on the establishment in order to strengthen mutual ties between foreign churches and dioceses communities of the Moscow Patriarchate Supreme Ecclesiastical Authority of the boundary with the submission of this body directly to His Holiness Patriarch; 2) the establishment of the post of governor-general of His Holiness Patriarch-abroad, what should be the presiding judge in the designated Higher Church Administration, and 3) to convene on October 1 st. Assembly of the Russian style of foreign Church.
Acting: 1) Since inappropriate submission for existing-border Higher Church Administration of the Russian Church all Orthodox churches and communities of the Moscow Patriarchate outside Soviet Russia, leave this office with the same powers it, without its extension to the Orthodox Church in Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, what they retain the existing now the image of church government, 2) a request to create the post of governor-general of His Holiness Patriarch of the boundary, as does not cause, also rejected, and 3) reports of alleged convene on October 1 st. Art. Cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad to take note of. What notify Preosvyaschenneshego Metropolitan Anthony.
Patriarch Tikhon,
Metropolitan Eusebius,
Archbishop Nicander,
Bishop Seraphim
Alex Bishop,
Rev. A. Stanislavsky
I. Gromoglasov,
P. Lapin.
Managing the office of P. Sasha.
Clerk: N. Numerov
On the issue of subordinated overseas Church Administration Church in Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
(Investigation case of Patriarch Tikhon. The collection of documents. According to the materials of the Central Archive of the FSB of Russia. Orthodox St. Tikhon Theological Institute. Moscow, 2000, p. 695).

Paper presented at the Conference "Ways of ROCOR in the modern world", held in Odessa, 13-15 July 2010
http://sinod.ruschurchabroad.org/100713konf.htm

Comments   

# RE: Metropolitan Agafangel: The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362. - Elena 27.06.2014 11:02
Lord, that you still write: "This decree today prescribes only one thing - to unite all Orthodox people with the words:" the diocesan bishop immediately enters into relations with the bishops of neighboring dioceses. "Another understanding, interpretation and application of this Regulation in the absence of forced isolation no It can not be. If the bishops do not, leaving vdobrovolnuyu isolation, it is clear that they are willing to church divisions, more often, in order to satisfy their ambitions than make a canonical crime. " Nicely said first like even want to believe. And then the question arises: why did you do in 2007 did not go to "intercourse with the bishops of neighboring dioceses" (ROCA (V) RTOC, ROAC), and began to create a new and separate PSEA? So, you do the same, and to convince yourself now: "If the bishops do not, leaving in voluntary isolation, it is clear that they are willing to church divisions, more often, in order to satisfy their ambitions than make a canonical crime."
# The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362 - o.Aleksy 04/07/2014 15:23
You write: It was also renamed Higher Church Administration in the South of Russia in the Russian Higher Church Administration abroad. (4) Thus, the Russian Ecclesiastical Authority for the first time surpassed the canonical boundaries of the Local Russian Church. It is known that such a step Archbishop Anthony decided, after much hesitation, and hesitation.
And it is possible to provide an explanation for confirmation that this canonical step?

# RE: The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362 - Internet Cathedral 07/04/2014 15:34
This control is then recognized by all the local church. Eastern Patriarchs, the unavailability of Patriarch Tikhon, sent greetings and other letters to the Met. Anthony, as a representative of the Russian Orthodox Church.

# RE: The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362 - about. Victor Dobrov 12/10/2014 5:15
Answer about. Alex: The canonical basis ROCA laid Decree 362 of Patriarch Tikhon of 07.11.1920, the Decree and Constantinople locum tenens of the Patriarchal Throne Metropolitan ray. Brusskim Dorotheos from 12.02.1920, the

# RE: Metropolitan Agafangel: The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362. - a. Victor 07.05.2014 3:40
Look here to see prices, Elena, something can be clarified: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qGK8LOfekjA

# RE: Metropolitan Agafangel: The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362. - a. Victor Dobrov 12/10/2014 5:04
I had a namesake?

# RE: Metropolitan Agafangel: The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362. - a. Victor Dobrov 12/10/2014 5:25
     Dear Elena! The so-called ROCA (V), and RTOC RPATs are self-created tumors , illegal, non-canonical church governance, and have no canonical episcopate.  The decree also refers to the establishment of relations with the canonical bishops canonical bishops of neighboring dioceses, and not with the dissenters and parasinagogami.

# RE: Metropolitan Agafangel: The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362. - Narrator 10/12/2014 11:25
SW. o. Victor Dobrov,
1) The fact that you came "namesake" this is not surprising. 2) "Elena" I said see. below, only it seems to me, do not answer me. Usually in such cases or did not meet, or write any "haze". :-)
;-)

# RE: Metropolitan Agafangel: The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362. - Narrator 10/12/2014 11:21
Responsible for the lord, az accursed and unworthy servant of God -
why not logged in "intercourse" (it is not clear in what context the word you eating now, because in saying nvmch. n. Tikhon - the word meant c. communication with their own kind, and not schismatics koi and you listed) -so p.ch. they do not want to.
And what's more: the whole subsequent history since 2007. continue to throw mud at ROCA exercise. Metropolitan. Agafangel. Strange your question.
And further:
"So, you do the same yourself now and denounced" - an interesting case. It generally was written not to denounce someone, and for information. And where did you get that "get yourself" - as if it was written to rebuke someone? Strange you to read.
One lie as "proof "of another.
First, you lied, ignoring the reality of splitters groups created artificially, their unwillingness to repent, and then based on that expressed once again the truth.
I have the feeling that you have something something in mind that is not present in the text, and you proceed from this, presenting the matter as it is, while what do you have as your answers based on some idea that you keep in his mind, and your personal idea, and are formulated.

# RE: Metropolitan Agafangel: The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362. - Sergei 10/12/2014 16:39
Dear Elena, you probably did not pay attention to the fact that the article Bishop pointed to an origin story and RTOC ROAC. You might not know but our Synod and Metropolitan undertook more than once attempted to dialogue with RTOC and ROAC, but stretched our hand of friendship bishops remained hanging in the air ...

# RE: Metropolitan Agafangel: The practical application of the Ordinance of 7/20 November 1920 for the number 362. - Sergei 10/12/2014 16:39
Dear Elena, you probably did not pay attention to the fact that the article Bishop pointed to an origin story and RTOC ROAC. You might not know but our Synod and Metropolitan undertook more than once attempted to dialogue with RTOC and ROAC, but stretched our hand of friendship bishops remained hanging in the air ...

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